The Sevilleta Field Station provides support for the the Sevilleta Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Program and many other research and educational activities being conducted in the Middle Rio Grande Valley. The station's research facilities include state-of-the-art laboratories, specimen processing and storage facilities, reference plant and animal specimens, a library, classrooms, and conference rooms for group meetings.

The Sevilleta LTER program contributes a number of complementary activities and installations. For example, ten complete weather stations are distributed across the Sevilleta NWR (including an instrumented station adjacent to the field station), which provide continuous, long-term data sets for all research projects. All LTER datasets are available online through the Sevilleta LTER.